Revolutionizing Car Safety: Unveiling Bharat NCAP’s Impact on India’s Roads


Bharat NCAP

In a significant move, the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways introduces Bharat NCAP, a voluntary star-rating system for car crash testing, effective from October 1, 2023. This comprehensive overview sheds light on the program’s testing protocols, evolution, objectives, and global comparisons.

Bharat NCAP Testing Protocols

Bharat NCAP

Applicability and Criteria

Bharat NCAP focuses on passenger vehicles with up to eight seats and a gross weight not exceeding 3,500 kgs. Testing is conducted exclusively on the base model of a variant, evaluating adult and child occupant protection, along with safety assist technologies. Three crucial tests, frontal offset, side impact, and pole-side impact, ensure a holistic safety assessment.

Evolution of Bharat NCAP

Bharat NCAP

Inspirations and Initiatives

Modelled after the Global NCAP, an initiative of the U.K.-based NGO Towards Zero Foundation, Bharat NCAP started with the Safer Cars for India campaign in 2014. This campaign brought attention to safety issues in popular car models, leading to Tata achieving India’s first 5-star cars in 2018 and subsequently reducing zero-star models.

Objective and Impact of Bharat NCAP

Bharat NCAP

Encouraging Safer Choices

Bharat NCAP’s primary objective is to inform consumers about car safety, fostering the demand for safer vehicles. With 1.5 lakh road fatalities annually in India, contributing to 10% of global road crash deaths, and road crashes costing the economy 5 to 7% of GDP, the program plays a pivotal role in reducing these alarming statistics.

Future Plans for Bharat NCAP

Striving for Global Standards

To ensure meaningful program implementation, India needs to develop crash testing capabilities and align with global standards. Future plans include considering additional testing parameters like roll-over tests and electric shock protection, reflecting a commitment to continuous improvement and expansion of testing criteria over the years.

Road Safety Regulations in India

A Holistic Approach

Bharat NCAP is an integral part of India’s comprehensive road safety regulations, mandating dual front airbags, anti-lock braking systems, seatbelt reminders, and reverse parking sensors. These regulations collectively contribute to a safer driving environment.

Industry Participation

Silent Contributors

Approximately 30 car models from various manufacturers have volunteered for crash testing under Bharat NCAP. Interestingly, the names of participating auto companies are not disclosed by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, emphasizing the collective industry effort towards safer vehicles.

Global Comparison

Benchmarking Safety

In comparison to other countries’ NCAPs, Bharat NCAP stands out for its focus on core safety tests. While other programs include roll-over tests, electric shock protection, neck injury protection, and evaluations of pedestrian protection technologies, Bharat NCAP aims to enhance vehicle safety and reduce road fatalities through informed consumer choices and industry compliance.


Bharat NCAP stands as a revolutionary step towards enhancing car safety in India. With a focus on comprehensive testing protocols, alignment with global standards, and active industry participation, the program is pivotal in reducing road fatalities and creating a safer driving environment. As consumers, manufacturers, and regulators unite in this effort, Bharat NCAP heralds a new era of safer roads in the country.

FAQs about Bharat NCAP

1. How often are the Bharat NCAP ratings updated?

The Bharat NCAP ratings are updated periodically, ensuring that consumers have access to the latest safety information about various car models.

2. Are electric vehicles included in Bharat NCAP testing?

Yes, Bharat NCAP’s testing protocols apply to electric vehicles, aligning with the program’s commitment to evolving automotive technologies.

3. How does Bharat NCAP impact car manufacturers?

Bharat NCAP encourages car manufacturers to prioritize safety features, fostering a competitive market for safer vehicles and ultimately benefiting consumers.

4. Can consumers access detailed test reports for specific car models?

Yes, detailed test reports for specific car models are available to the public, allowing consumers to make informed decisions based on comprehensive safety assessments.

5. Is Bharat NCAP aligned with international safety standards?

Yes, Bharat NCAP is working towards alignment with global safety standards, considering additional testing parameters to meet international benchmarks.

6. What role does industry participation play in Bharat NCAP?

Industry participation in Bharat NCAP reflects a collaborative effort to enhance vehicle safety. The voluntary contributions of car manufacturers contribute to a safer driving landscape.

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