Table of Contents
Sovereign Gold Bonds (SGBs) offer a unique investment opportunity, blending the appeal of gold with the security of government backing. This case study meticulously examines the diverse dimensions of SGBs, delving into their characteristics, advantages, and the potential for wealth accumulation.
I. Overview of Sovereign Gold Bonds:
Sovereign Gold Bonds are financial instruments issued by the Government of India, enabling investors to own gold in a non-physical form.
B. Issuance Process:
- Issued through scheduled commercial banks, designated post offices, and recognized stock exchanges.
- Subscription periods are announced by the government.
C. Denomination and Face Value:
- Denominated in grams of gold.
- Face value determined based on the prevailing market price.
II. Key Features of Sovereign Gold Bonds:
- Typically an 8-year tenure with exit options in the 5th, 6th, and 7th years.
- No premature redemption allowed in the initial five years.
B. Interest Rate:
- Fixed interest rate, paid semi-annually.
- Linked to prevailing market rates.
C. Tax Implications:
- Interest income taxed according to the investor’s income tax slab.
- No capital gains tax upon redemption.
III. Benefits of Investing in Sovereign Gold Bonds:
A. Regular Income:
- Attractive interest rates offer a steady income stream, appealing to investors seeking regular returns.
B. Safety and Security:
- Government-backed, ensuring a high level of security.
- Eliminates risks associated with theft or storage concerns related to physical gold.
C. Capital Appreciation:
- Potential for capital appreciation based on gold prices.
- Capital gains tax exemption upon redemption.
- Tradable on stock exchanges, enhancing liquidity.
- Early exit options provide flexibility.
IV. Case Scenario: Maximizing Wealth with Sovereign Gold Bonds:
A. Initial Investment:
- Example: Investor A purchases 100 grams of Sovereign Gold Bonds at the face value of INR 4,000 per gram, totaling INR 4,00,000.
- Assuming the prevailing gold price is INR 5,000 per gram.
B. Interest Income:
- Assuming a fixed interest rate of 2.5%, annual interest income is INR 10,000.
- Over 8 years, total interest income amounts to INR 80,000.
C. Capital Appreciation:
- If gold price increases to INR 6,000 per gram at the end of the 8-year tenure, investment value becomes INR 6,00,000.
- Capital gain upon redemption: INR 2,00,000.
D. Total Returns:
- Total returns from interest income and capital appreciation: INR 2,80,000.
- Annualized return: Approximately 7% (considering the initial investment of INR 4,00,000).
Sovereign Gold Bonds emerge as a comprehensive investment choice, providing a blend of regular income, safety, and the potential for capital appreciation. This case study showcases a scenario where an investor maximizes wealth over an 8-year period, highlighting the advantages and financial gains associated with Sovereign Gold Bonds.
Sovereign Gold Bonds (SGB): Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
1. What is Sovereign Gold Bond (SGB)? Who is the issuer?
SGBs are government securities denominated in grams of gold, serving as substitutes for physical gold. The Reserve Bank issues these bonds on behalf of the Government of India.
2. Why should I buy SGB rather than physical gold? What are the benefits?
Investors receive the ongoing market price at redemption, protecting the quantity of gold paid for. SGBs offer advantages over physical gold, eliminating storage costs and risks. They assure market value at maturity, free from making charges and purity issues.
3. Are there any risks in investing in SGBs?
There is a risk of capital loss if gold market prices decline. However, investors do not lose in terms of the units of gold paid for.
4. Who is eligible to invest in the SGBs?
Residents in India, as per the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999, are eligible. This includes individuals, HUFs, trusts, universities, and charitable institutions.
5. Whether joint holding will be allowed?
Yes, joint holding is allowed.
6. Can a Minor invest in SGB?
Yes, a Minor can invest, and the application must be made by their guardian.
7. Where can investors get the application form?
Application forms are available at issuing banks, SHCIL offices, designated post offices, and agents. They can also be downloaded from the RBI’s website, and some banks provide an online application facility.
8. What are the Know-Your-Customer (KYC) norms?
Every application must be accompanied by the PAN number issued by the Income Tax Department to the investor(s).
9. Can an investor hold more than one investor ID for subscribing to the Sovereign Gold Bond?
No, an investor can have only one unique investor ID linked to any prescribed identification document. PAN quoting is mandatory for holding securities in dematerialized form.
10. What is the minimum and maximum limit for investment?
The Bonds are issued in denominations of one gram of gold. The minimum investment is one gram, with a maximum limit of subscription of 4 kg for individuals, 4 kg for HUFs, and 20 kg for trusts per fiscal year.
11. Can each member of my family buy 4Kg in their own name?
Yes, each family member can buy bonds in their name if they satisfy the eligibility criteria.
12. Can an investor/trust buy 4 Kg/20 Kg worth of SGB every year?
Yes, an investor/trust can buy 4 Kg/20 Kg worth of gold every year within the fiscal year (April-March) limit.
13. Is the maximum limit of 4 Kg applicable in case of joint holding?
The maximum limit applies to the first applicant in the case of joint holding for that specific application.
14. What is the rate of interest and how will the interest be paid?
Bonds bear interest at a fixed rate of 2.50% per annum on the initial investment, credited semi-annually to the investor’s bank account.
15. Who are the authorized agencies selling the SGBs?
Bonds are sold through offices or branches of Nationalized Banks, Scheduled Private Banks, Scheduled Foreign Banks, designated Post Offices, SHCIL, and authorized stock exchanges.
16. If I apply, am I assured of allotment?
If the customer meets eligibility criteria, produces valid identification, and remits application money on time, they will receive allotment.
17. When will the customers be issued Holding Certificate?
Holding Certificates are issued on the date of SGB issuance and can be collected from issuing banks, SHCIL offices, Post Offices, or designated stock exchanges.
18. Can I apply online?
Yes, customers can apply online through the websites of listed scheduled commercial banks. Online applicants may get a discount, and payment is through digital mode.
19. At what price are the bonds sold?
The nominal value is in Indian Rupees, fixed based on the simple average of the closing price of gold for the last 3 business days preceding the subscription period.
20. Will RBI publish the rate of gold applicable every day?
The gold price for the relevant tranche will be published on the RBI website two days before the issue opens.
21. What will I get on redemption?
On maturity, the bonds will be redeemed in Indian Rupees based on the simple average of the closing price of gold of 999 purity of the previous 3 business days.
22. How will I get the redemption amount?
Both interest and redemption proceeds will be credited to the bank account provided by the customer at the time of buying the bond.
23. What are the procedures involved during redemption?
Investors are advised one month before maturity. On the maturity date, proceeds are credited to the bank account on record.
24. Can I encash the bond anytime I want? Is premature redemption allowed?
Though the tenor is 8 years, early redemption is allowed after the fifth year on coupon payment dates. Bonds are tradable if held in demat form.
25. What do I have to do if I want to exit my investment?
For premature redemption, investors can approach the concerned bank/SHCIL offices/Post Office/agent 30 days before the coupon payment date.
26. Can I gift the bonds to a relative or friend on some occasion?
Yes, bonds can be gifted/transferable to a relative/friend/anybody meeting eligibility criteria.
27. Can I use these securities as collateral for loans?
Yes, these securities are eligible as collateral for loans, subject to the decision of the bank/financing agency.
28. What are the tax implications on i) interest and ii) capital gain?
Interest is taxable as per the Income-tax Act, 1961. Capital gains tax is exempted for individual investors.
29. Is tax deducted at source (TDS) applicable on the bond?
TDS is not applicable. It is the bond holder’s responsibility to comply with tax laws.
30. Who will provide other customer services to the investors after issuance of the bonds?
Issuing banks/SHCIL offices/Post Offices/Designated stock exchanges/agents will provide customer services like change of address, early redemption, nomination, etc.
31. What are the payment options for investing in the Sovereign Gold Bonds?
Payment can be made through cash (up to ₹ 20,000), cheques, demand drafts, or electronic fund transfer.
32. Whether nomination facility is available for these investments?
Yes, nomination facility is available as per Government Securities Act 2006 and Government Securities Regulations, 2007.
33. Can I get the bonds in demat form?
Yes, bonds can be held in a demat account, with conversion available after allotment.
34. Can I trade these bonds?
Bonds can be traded in dematerialized form on stock exchanges, and partial holdings can be transferred.
35. Procedure in the Event of Investor’s Death:
Claim Process for Deceased Investor
- In the unfortunate event of the investor’s demise, the nominee or nominees of the bond should approach the respective Receiving Office with their claim.
- The recognition of the claim will be in accordance with the provisions outlined in the Government Securities Act, 2006, read in conjunction with Chapter III of the Government Securities Regulation, 2007.
- If there is a nominated individual, their claim takes precedence. If no nomination exists, the executors or administrators of the deceased holder can submit a claim.
- Alternatively, the holder of the succession certificate (issued under Part X of the Indian Succession Act) is eligible to submit a claim.
- These provisions apply even in the case of a deceased minor investor, with the title of the bond passing to the person meeting the criteria in the Government Securities Act, 2006, not necessarily the Natural Guardian.
36. Partial Repayment Option:
Partial Redemption of Sovereign Gold Bonds
- Yes, investors have the option to receive part repayment of their bonds when exercising the put option.
- Partial holdings can be redeemed in multiples of one gram, providing flexibility for investors to manage their investments.
37. Contacting RBI for Queries:
Contacting RBI Regarding Sovereign Gold Bonds
- The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has established a dedicated email address to receive queries from the public concerning Sovereign Gold Bonds.
- Investors can direct their queries to this email id for prompt assistance and clarification on any aspects related to Sovereign Gold Bonds.
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